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Nutrients 2015, 7(5), 3557-3568; doi:10.3390/nu7053557

Does an Adolescent’s Accuracy of Recall Improve with a Second 24-h Dietary Recall?

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Centre, Honolulu, HI 96844, USA
Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 April 2015 / Revised: 29 April 2015 / Accepted: 6 May 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutrient Intakes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [241 KB, uploaded 13 May 2015]


The multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall is used in most national dietary surveys. Our purpose was to assess if adolescents’ accuracy of recall improved when a 5-step multiple-pass 24-h recall was repeated. Participants (n = 24), were Chinese-American youths aged between 11 and 15 years and lived in a supervised environment as part of a metabolic feeding study. The 24-h recalls were conducted on two occasions during the first five days of the study. The four steps (quick list; forgotten foods; time and eating occasion; detailed description of the food/beverage) of the 24-h recall were assessed for matches by category. Differences were observed in the matching for the time and occasion step (p < 0.01), detailed description (p < 0.05) and portion size matching (p < 0.05). Omission rates were higher for the second recall (p < 0.05 quick list; p < 0.01 forgotten foods). The adolescents over-estimated energy intake on the first (11.3% ± 22.5%; p < 0.05) and second recall (10.1% ± 20.8%) compared with the known food and beverage items. These results suggest that the adolescents’ accuracy to recall food items declined with a second 24-h recall when repeated over two non-consecutive days. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; adolescent; 24-h dietary recall; dietary assessment; 5-step multiple-pass method diet; adolescent; 24-h dietary recall; dietary assessment; 5-step multiple-pass method
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kerr, D.A.; Wright, J.L.; Dhaliwal, S.S.; Boushey, C.J. Does an Adolescent’s Accuracy of Recall Improve with a Second 24-h Dietary Recall? Nutrients 2015, 7, 3557-3568.

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