Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Better Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Could Mitigate the Adverse Consequences of Obesity on Cardiovascular Disease: The SUN Prospective Cohort
Previous Article in Journal
Nutritional Modulation of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Insulin Resistance
Previous Article in Special Issue
Adherence to a Healthy Nordic Food Index Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Type-2 Diabetes—The Danish Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2015, 7(11), 9139-9153; doi:10.3390/nu7115459

Definition of the Mediterranean Diet; A Literature Review

1,†
,
2,†
,
3,†
and
1,†,*
1
Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5001, Australia
2
School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5001, Australia
3
School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Australia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2015 / Revised: 29 October 2015 / Accepted: 30 October 2015 / Published: 5 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [231 KB, uploaded 20 November 2015]

Abstract

Numerous studies over several decades suggest that following the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, and improve cognitive health. However, there are inconsistencies among methods used for evaluating and defining the MedDiet. Through a review of the literature, we aimed to quantitatively define the MedDiet by food groups and nutrients. Databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Science Direct, Academic Search Premier and the University of South Australia Library Catalogue were searched. Articles were included if they defined the MedDiet in at least two of the following ways: (1) general descriptive definitions; (2) diet pyramids/numbers of servings of key foods; (3) grams of key foods/food groups; and (4) nutrient and flavonoid content. Quantity of key foods and nutrient content was recorded and the mean was calculated. The MedDiet contained three to nine serves of vegetables, half to two serves of fruit, one to 13 serves of cereals and up to eight serves of olive oil daily. It contained approximately 9300 kJ, 37% as total fat, 18% as monounsaturated and 9% as saturated, and 33 g of fibre per day. Our results provide a defined nutrient content and range of servings for the MedDiet based on past and current literature. More detailed reporting amongst studies could refine the definition further. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; definition; quantity; foods and nutrients Mediterranean diet; definition; quantity; foods and nutrients
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

  • Supplementary File 1:

    default (DOCX, 74 KB)

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Davis, C.; Bryan, J.; Hodgson, J.; Murphy, K. Definition of the Mediterranean Diet; A Literature Review. Nutrients 2015, 7, 9139-9153.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top