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Nutrients 2014, 6(9), 3474-3500; doi:10.3390/nu6093474

Mediterranean Diet and Cardiodiabesity: A Review

1
Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona 08021, Spain
2
Department of Health Sciences, Catalunya Open University (UOC), Barcelona 08018, Spain
3
RETIC Healthy Nutrition in Primary Prevention of Chronic Diseases: Predimed Network (RD06/0045), Barcelona 08036, Spain
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, August Pi Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBAPS), Barcelona 08036, Spain
5
Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition Center (CIBEROBN), Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid 28029, Spain
6
Food and Nutrition Area, Barcelona Official College of Pharmacists, Barcelona 08009, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2014 / Revised: 8 July 2014 / Accepted: 7 August 2014 / Published: 4 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and CVD)
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Abstract

Cardiodiabesity has been used to define and describe the well-known relationship between type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), obesity, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to perform a scientific literature review with a systematic search to examine all the cardiovascular risk factors combined and their relationship with adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) pattern as primary prevention against cardiodiabesity in a holistic approach. Research was conducted using the PubMed database including clinical trials, cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies. Thirty-seven studies were reviewed: fourteen related to obesity, ten to CVD, nine to MetS, and four to T2DM. Indeed 33 provided strong evidence on the association between adherence to a MedDiet and a reduced incidence of collective cardiodiabesity risk in epidemiological studies. This scientific evidence makes the MedDiet pattern very useful for preventive strategies directed at the general population and also highlights the need to consider all these diet-related risk factors and health outcomes together in daily primary care. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean Diet; cardiodiabesity; systematic review; primary prevention; obesity; cardiovascular disease; diabetes mellitus; metabolic syndrome Mediterranean Diet; cardiodiabesity; systematic review; primary prevention; obesity; cardiovascular disease; diabetes mellitus; metabolic syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Fernández, E.; Rico-Cabanas, L.; Rosgaard, N.; Estruch, R.; Bach-Faig, A. Mediterranean Diet and Cardiodiabesity: A Review. Nutrients 2014, 6, 3474-3500.

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