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Nutrients 2014, 6(4), 1454-1474; doi:10.3390/nu6041454

Detailed Distribution of Lipids in Greenshell™ Mussel (Perna canaliculus)

* ,
The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, PO Box 5114, Nelson 7010, New Zealand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 February 2014 / Revised: 25 March 2014 / Accepted: 26 March 2014 / Published: 11 April 2014
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Greenshell™ mussels (GSM–Perna canaliculus) are a source of omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA). Farmed GSM are considered to be a sustainable source of LC-PUFA as they require no dietary inputs, gaining all of their oil by filter-feeding microorganisms from sea water. GSM oil is a high-value product, with a value as much as 1000 times that of fish oils. GSM oil has important health benefits, for example, anti-inflammatory activity. It also contains several minor lipid components that are not present in most fish oil products, and that have their own beneficial effects on human health. We have shown the lipid content of the female GSM (1.9 g/100 g ww) was significantly greater than that of the male (1.4 g/100 g ww). Compared with male GSM, female GSM contained more n-3 LC-PUFA, and stored a greater proportion of total lipid in the gonad and mantle. The higher lipid content in the female than the male GSM is most likely related to gamete production. This information will be useful to optimize extraction of oils from GSM, a local and sustainable source of n-3 LC-PUFA.
Keywords: phospholipids; triacylglycerols; fatty acid composition; eicosapentaenoic acid; docosahexaenoic acid phospholipids; triacylglycerols; fatty acid composition; eicosapentaenoic acid; docosahexaenoic acid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Miller, M.R.; Pearce, L.; Bettjeman, B.I. Detailed Distribution of Lipids in Greenshell™ Mussel (Perna canaliculus). Nutrients 2014, 6, 1454-1474.

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