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Nutrients 2014, 6(4), 1475-1487; doi:10.3390/nu6041475

Dietary Pattern among Schoolchildren with Normal Nutritional Status in Navarre, Spain

1,2,*  and 2
1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona 31080, Spain 2 Deparment of Pediatrics, Navarra Hospital Complex, Avenue Irunlarrea, 4, Pamplona 31008, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2014 / Revised: 24 March 2014 / Accepted: 3 April 2014 / Published: 11 April 2014
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A nutrition survey was carried out (food intake registration of three consecutive school days) in a randomly selected group of 353 schoolchildren (188 males and 165 females) with normal nutritional status. The average age of the surveyed students was 10.5 years (CI 95%: 10.3–11.7). There were no significant differences between both sexes in mean values for calorie intake (males: 2072.7 ± 261.7 and females: 2060.9 ± 250.6) and intake of macronutrients, minerals and vitamins. Cereals (34%), dairy products (19%) and meats (17%) were responsible for approximately 70% of total calorie intake. Protein accounted for 20.3% of energy intake, carbohydrates for 48.8%, total fat for 30.9%, and saturated fat for 12.6%. Cholesterol intake was excessive and over two-thirds of protein intake was from animal sources. The mean intakes of calcium, iodine and Vitamins A, D and E were below recommended levels. The dietary patterns of the schoolchildren with normal nutritional status differed from the Mediterranean diet. Intakes of meat were too high and dairy products and cereals consumption was relatively limited; while that of vegetables; legumes; fruits and fish were insufficient; leading to excessive protein and fat intake from animal sources and insufficient mineral (calcium and iodine) and Vitamins A; D and E intake.
Keywords: dietary patterns; food intake; nutritional status; schoolchildren dietary patterns; food intake; nutritional status; schoolchildren
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Durá-Travé, T.; Gallinas-Victoriano, F. Dietary Pattern among Schoolchildren with Normal Nutritional Status in Navarre, Spain. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1475-1487.

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