Dietary Pattern among Schoolchildren with Normal Nutritional Status in Navarre, Spain
AbstractA nutrition survey was carried out (food intake registration of three consecutive school days) in a randomly selected group of 353 schoolchildren (188 males and 165 females) with normal nutritional status. The average age of the surveyed students was 10.5 years (CI 95%: 10.3–11.7). There were no significant differences between both sexes in mean values for calorie intake (males: 2072.7 ± 261.7 and females: 2060.9 ± 250.6) and intake of macronutrients, minerals and vitamins. Cereals (34%), dairy products (19%) and meats (17%) were responsible for approximately 70% of total calorie intake. Protein accounted for 20.3% of energy intake, carbohydrates for 48.8%, total fat for 30.9%, and saturated fat for 12.6%. Cholesterol intake was excessive and over two-thirds of protein intake was from animal sources. The mean intakes of calcium, iodine and Vitamins A, D and E were below recommended levels. The dietary patterns of the schoolchildren with normal nutritional status differed from the Mediterranean diet. Intakes of meat were too high and dairy products and cereals consumption was relatively limited; while that of vegetables; legumes; fruits and fish were insufficient; leading to excessive protein and fat intake from animal sources and insufficient mineral (calcium and iodine) and Vitamins A; D and E intake.
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Durá-Travé, T.; Gallinas-Victoriano, F. Dietary Pattern among Schoolchildren with Normal Nutritional Status in Navarre, Spain. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1475-1487.
Durá-Travé T, Gallinas-Victoriano F. Dietary Pattern among Schoolchildren with Normal Nutritional Status in Navarre, Spain. Nutrients. 2014; 6(4):1475-1487.Chicago/Turabian Style
Durá-Travé, Teodoro; Gallinas-Victoriano, Fidel. 2014. "Dietary Pattern among Schoolchildren with Normal Nutritional Status in Navarre, Spain." Nutrients 6, no. 4: 1475-1487.