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Nutrients 2014, 6(10), 4362-4372; doi:10.3390/nu6104362

Anti-Osteoporotic Effects of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Extract on Ovariectomized Rats and Its Oral Toxicity in Rats

1
Food Resource Research Center, Korea Food Research Institute, Seongnam 463-746, Korea
2
Research Group of Food Functionality, Korea Food Research Institute, Seongnam 463-746, Korea
3
Division of Food Biotechnology, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2014 / Revised: 6 October 2014 / Accepted: 10 October 2014 / Published: 16 October 2014
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Abstract

Angelica sinensis root is one of the herbs most commonly used in China; it is also often included in dietary supplements for menopause in Europe and North America. In the present study, we examined the anti-osteoporotic effects of A. sinensis extract in an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of osteoporosis as well as toxicity of the extract after repeated oral administration. The OVX rats were treated with 17β-estradiol (10 μg/kg i.p. once daily) or A. sinensis extract (30, 100, and 300 mg/kg, p.o. once daily) for four weeks. The bone (femur) mineral density (BMD) of rats treated with the extract (300 mg/kg) was significantly higher than that of the OVX-control, reaching BMD of the estradiol group. Markers of bone turnover in osteoporosis, serum alkaline phosphatase, collagen type I C-telopeptide and osteocalcin, were significantly decreased in the extract group. The body and uterus weight and serum estradiol concentration were not affected, and no treatment-related toxicity was observed during extract administration in rats. The results obtained indicate that A. sinensis extract can prevent the OVX-induced bone loss in rats via estrogen-independent mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: Angelica sinensis root; oral toxicity; osteoporosis; ovariectomized Angelica sinensis root; oral toxicity; osteoporosis; ovariectomized
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, D.W.; Kim, Y.T. Anti-Osteoporotic Effects of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Extract on Ovariectomized Rats and Its Oral Toxicity in Rats. Nutrients 2014, 6, 4362-4372.

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