Nutrients 2014, 6(1), 231-248; doi:10.3390/nu6010231
Review

The Mediterranean Diet and Nutritional Adequacy: A Review

Received: 24 October 2013; in revised form: 16 December 2013 / Accepted: 27 December 2013 / Published: 3 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mediterranean Diet Pattern and Public Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The Mediterranean dietary pattern, through a healthy profile of fat intake, low proportion of carbohydrate, low glycemic index, high content of dietary fiber, antioxidant compounds, and anti-inflammatory effects, reduces the risk of certain pathologies, such as cancer or Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Nutritional adequacy is the comparison between the nutrient requirement and the intake of a certain individual or population. In population groups, the prevalence of nutrient inadequacy can be assessed by the probability approach or using the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) cut-point method. However, dietary patterns can also be used as they have moderate to good validity to assess adequate intakes of some nutrients. The objective of this study was to review the available evidence on the Nutritional Adequacy of the Mediterranean Diet. The inclusion of foods typical of the Mediterranean diet and greater adherence to this healthy pattern was related to a better nutrient profile, both in children and adults, with a lower prevalence of individuals showing inadequate intakes of micronutrients. Therefore, the Mediterranean diet could be used in public health nutrition policies in order to prevent micronutrient deficiencies in the most vulnerable population groups.
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; dietary patterns; nutrient adequacy; requirements; micronutrient intake
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castro-Quezada, I.; Román-Viñas, B.; Serra-Majem, L. The Mediterranean Diet and Nutritional Adequacy: A Review. Nutrients 2014, 6, 231-248.

AMA Style

Castro-Quezada I, Román-Viñas B, Serra-Majem L. The Mediterranean Diet and Nutritional Adequacy: A Review. Nutrients. 2014; 6(1):231-248.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castro-Quezada, Itandehui; Román-Viñas, Blanca; Serra-Majem, Lluís. 2014. "The Mediterranean Diet and Nutritional Adequacy: A Review." Nutrients 6, no. 1: 231-248.

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