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The Mediterranean Diet and Nutritional Adequacy: A Review
Nutrients 2014, 6(4), 1406-1423; doi:10.3390/nu6041406
Review

Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes: Prevention and Treatment

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Received: 24 December 2013; in revised form: 3 March 2014 / Accepted: 20 March 2014 / Published: 4 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mediterranean Diet Pattern and Public Health)
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Abstract: The aim of the present review is to examine current scientific knowledge on the association between the Mediterranean diet and diabetes mellitus (mostly type 2 diabetes). A definition of the Mediterranean diet and the tools widely used to evaluate adherence to this traditional diet (Mediterranean diet indices) are briefly presented. The review focuses on epidemiological data linking adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the risk of diabetes development, as well as evidence from interventional studies assessing the effect of the Mediterranean diet on diabetes control and the management of diabetes-related complications. The above mentioned data are explored on the basis of evaluating the Mediterranean diet as a whole dietary pattern, rather than focusing on the effect of its individual components. Possible protective mechanisms of the Mediterranean diet against diabetes are also briefly discussed.
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; dietary patterns; diabetes; glycemic control; obesity; cardiovascular diseases; prevention; treatment; public health Mediterranean diet; dietary patterns; diabetes; glycemic control; obesity; cardiovascular diseases; prevention; treatment; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Georgoulis, M.; Kontogianni, M.D.; Yiannakouris, N. Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes: Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1406-1423.

AMA Style

Georgoulis M, Kontogianni MD, Yiannakouris N. Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes: Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients. 2014; 6(4):1406-1423.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Georgoulis, Michael; Kontogianni, Meropi D.; Yiannakouris, Nikos. 2014. "Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes: Prevention and Treatment." Nutrients 6, no. 4: 1406-1423.


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