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Nutrients 2013, 5(6), 2028-2046; doi:10.3390/nu5062028
Review

Heated Allergens and Induction of Tolerance in Food Allergic Children

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Received: 28 March 2013; in revised form: 15 May 2013 / Accepted: 17 May 2013 / Published: 5 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients and Immune Function)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [486 KB, uploaded 5 June 2013]
Abstract: Food allergies are one of the first manifestations of allergic disease and have been shown to significantly impact on general health perception, parental emotional distress and family activities. It is estimated that in the Western world, almost one in ten children have an IgE-mediated allergy. Cow’s milk and egg allergy are common childhood allergies. Until recently, children with food allergy were advised to avoid all dietary exposure to the allergen to which they were sensitive, in the thought that consumption would exacerbate their allergy. However, recent publications indicate that up to 70% of children with egg allergy can tolerate egg baked in a cake or muffin without apparent reaction. Likewise, up to 75% of children can tolerate baked goods containing cow’s milk, and these children demonstrate IgE and IgG4 profiles indicative of tolerance development. This article will review the current literature regarding the use of heated food allergens as immunotherapy for children with cow’s milk and egg allergy.
Keywords: egg; milk; allergy; heated allergens; tolerance; oral; immunotherapy egg; milk; allergy; heated allergens; tolerance; oral; immunotherapy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Netting, M.; Makrides, M.; Gold, M.; Quinn, P.; Penttila, I. Heated Allergens and Induction of Tolerance in Food Allergic Children. Nutrients 2013, 5, 2028-2046.

AMA Style

Netting M, Makrides M, Gold M, Quinn P, Penttila I. Heated Allergens and Induction of Tolerance in Food Allergic Children. Nutrients. 2013; 5(6):2028-2046.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Netting, Merryn; Makrides, Maria; Gold, Michael; Quinn, Patrick; Penttila, Irmeli. 2013. "Heated Allergens and Induction of Tolerance in Food Allergic Children." Nutrients 5, no. 6: 2028-2046.



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