Nutrients 2013, 5(6), 1856-1868; doi:10.3390/nu5061856
Review

Vitamin D and the Athlete: Risks, Recommendations, and Benefits

Received: 2 April 2013; in revised form: 7 May 2013 / Accepted: 8 May 2013 / Published: 28 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Vitamin D is well known for its role in calcium regulation and bone health, but emerging literature tells of vitamin D’s central role in other vital body processes, such as: signaling gene response, protein synthesis, hormone synthesis, immune response, plus, cell turnover and regeneration. The discovery of the vitamin D receptor within the muscle suggested a significant role for vitamin D in muscle tissue function. This discovery led researchers to question the impact that vitamin D deficiency could have on athletic performance and injury. With over 77% of the general population considered vitamin D insufficient, it’s likely that many athletes fall into the same category. Research has suggested vitamin D to have a significant effect on muscle weakness, pain, balance, and fractures in the aging population; still, the athletic population is yet to be fully examined. There are few studies to date that have examined the relationship between vitamin D status and performance, therefore, this review will focus on the bodily roles of vitamin D, recommended 25(OH)D levels, vitamin D intake guidelines and risk factors for vitamin D insufficiency in athletes. In addition, the preliminary findings regarding vitamin D’s impact on athletic performance will be examined.
Keywords: vitamin D; athletic performance; 25(OH)D; supplementation; insufficiency; athlete
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ogan, D.; Pritchett, K. Vitamin D and the Athlete: Risks, Recommendations, and Benefits. Nutrients 2013, 5, 1856-1868.

AMA Style

Ogan D, Pritchett K. Vitamin D and the Athlete: Risks, Recommendations, and Benefits. Nutrients. 2013; 5(6):1856-1868.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ogan, Dana; Pritchett, Kelly. 2013. "Vitamin D and the Athlete: Risks, Recommendations, and Benefits." Nutrients 5, no. 6: 1856-1868.

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