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Do Fat Supplements Increase Physical Performance?
Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro, 129, Palermo, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 November 2012; in revised form: 7 January 2013 / Accepted: 31 January 2013 / Published: 7 February 2013
Abstract: Fish oil and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) belong to a popular class of food supplements known as “fat supplements”, which are claimed to reduce muscle glycogen breakdown, reduce body mass, as well as reduce muscle damage and inflammatory responses. Sport athletes consume fish oil and CLA mainly to increase lean body mass and reduce body fat. Recent evidence indicates that this kind of supplementation may have other side-effects and a new role has been identified in steroidogenensis. Preliminary findings demonstrate that fish oil and CLA may induce a physiological increase in testosterone synthesis. The aim of this review is to describe the effects of fish oil and CLA on physical performance (endurance and resistance exercise), and highlight the new results on the effects on testosterone biosynthesis. In view of these new data, we can hypothesize that fat supplements may improve the anabolic effect of exercise.
Keywords: fish oil; conjugated linoleic acid; endurance exercise; resistance exercise; steroidogenic cells; steroidogenesis; testosterone
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MDPI and ACS Style
Macaluso, F.; Barone, R.; Catanese, P.; Carini, F.; Rizzuto, L.; Farina, F.; Di Felice, V. Do Fat Supplements Increase Physical Performance? Nutrients 2013, 5, 509-524.
Macaluso F, Barone R, Catanese P, Carini F, Rizzuto L, Farina F, Di Felice V. Do Fat Supplements Increase Physical Performance? Nutrients. 2013; 5(2):509-524.
Macaluso, Filippo; Barone, Rosario; Catanese, Patrizia; Carini, Francesco; Rizzuto, Luigi; Farina, Felicia; Di Felice, Valentina. 2013. "Do Fat Supplements Increase Physical Performance?" Nutrients 5, no. 2: 509-524.