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Nutrients 2013, 5(12), 4978-4989; doi:10.3390/nu5124978
Article

Cancer Preventive Efficacy of Marine Carotenoid Fucoxanthin: Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis

1
, 1
, 2
, 3
 and 1,*
1 NPO-International Laboratory of Biochemistry, 1-166, Uchide, Nakagawa-ku, Nagoya 454-0926, Japan 2 Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Genetics, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel 3 Department of Pharmacology and Environmental Toxicology, Dr. A. L. Mudaliar Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Madras, Taramani Campus, Chennai 600113, India
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2013 / Revised: 22 November 2013 / Accepted: 29 November 2013 / Published: 6 December 2013
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Abstract

Epidemiological investigations have shown that overcoming the risk of cancer is related to the consumption of green vegetables and fruits. Many compounds from different origins, such as terrestrial plants and marine and microbial sources, have been reported to have therapeutic effects of which marine sources are the most important because the diversity of marine life is more varied than other sources. Fucoxanthin is one important compound with a marine origin and belongs to the group of carotenoids; it can be found in marine brown seaweeds, macroalgae, and diatoms, all of which have remarkable biological properties. Numerous studies have shown that fucoxanthin has considerable medicinal potential and promising applications in human health. In this review, we summarize the anticancer effects of fucoxanthin through several different mechanisms including anti-proliferation, induction of apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and anti-angiogenesis, and its possible role in the treatment of cancer.
Keywords: cancer; fucoxanthin; apoptosis; cell cycle; signaling cancer; fucoxanthin; apoptosis; cell cycle; signaling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rengarajan, T.; Rajendran, P.; Nandakumar, N.; Balasubramanian, M.P.; Nishigaki, I. Cancer Preventive Efficacy of Marine Carotenoid Fucoxanthin: Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis. Nutrients 2013, 5, 4978-4989.

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