Nutrients 2013, 5(12), 4966-4977; doi:10.3390/nu5124966
Article

Changes in Blood Pressure and Lipid Levels in Young Women Consuming a Vitamin D-Fortified Skimmed Milk: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), C/José Antonio Novais 10, 28040 Madrid, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 October 2013; in revised form: 12 November 2013 / Accepted: 27 November 2013 / Published: 5 December 2013
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Abstract: Vitamin D exerts a variety of extra-skeletal functions. Aim: to know the effects of the consumption of a vitamin D-fortified skimmed milk on glucose, lipid profile, and blood pressure in young women. Methods: a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind parallel-group trial of 16 weeks duration was conducted in young women with low iron stores who consumed a skimmed milk fortified with iron and 200 IU/day (5 μg) of vitamin D (D-fortified group, n = 55), or a placebo without vitamin D (D-placebo group, n = 54). A reference group (n = 56) of iron-sufficient women was also recruited. Results: baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D was inversely correlated with total-cholesterol (r = −0.176, p = 0.023) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-chol) (r = −0.176, p = 0.024). During the assay, LDL-cholesterol increased in the D-placebo group (p = 0.005) while it tended to decrease in the D-fortified group (p = 0.07). Neither group displayed changes in total-cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-chol), triglycerides or glucose levels. Systolic (p = 0.017) and diastolic (p = 0.010) blood pressure decreased during the assay in the D-fortified group without significant differences compared to the D-placebo. Conclusion: consumption of a dairy product fortified with vitamin D reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure but does not change lipid levels in young women.
Keywords: vitamin D; food fortification; blood pressure; cholesterol; randomised controlled trial; women; dairy product

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MDPI and ACS Style

Toxqui, L.; Blanco-Rojo, R.; Wright, I.; Pérez-Granados, A.M.; Vaquero, M.P. Changes in Blood Pressure and Lipid Levels in Young Women Consuming a Vitamin D-Fortified Skimmed Milk: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2013, 5, 4966-4977.

AMA Style

Toxqui L, Blanco-Rojo R, Wright I, Pérez-Granados AM, Vaquero MP. Changes in Blood Pressure and Lipid Levels in Young Women Consuming a Vitamin D-Fortified Skimmed Milk: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2013; 5(12):4966-4977.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Toxqui, Laura; Blanco-Rojo, Ruth; Wright, Ione; Pérez-Granados, Ana M.; Vaquero, M. P. 2013. "Changes in Blood Pressure and Lipid Levels in Young Women Consuming a Vitamin D-Fortified Skimmed Milk: A Randomised Controlled Trial." Nutrients 5, no. 12: 4966-4977.

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