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Cocoa and Heart Health: A Historical Review of the Science
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47304, USA
Received: 15 July 2013; in revised form: 10 September 2013 / Accepted: 11 September 2013 / Published: 26 September 2013
Abstract: The medicinal use of cocoa has a long history dating back almost five hundred years when Hernán Cortés’s first experienced the drink in Mesoamerica. Doctors in Europe recommended the beverage to patients in the 1700s, and later American physicians followed suit and prescribed the drink in early America—ca. 1800s. This article delineates the historic trajectory of cocoa consumption, the linkage between cocoa’s bioactive-mechanistic properties, paying special attention to nitric oxides role in vasodilation of the arteries, to the current indicators purporting the benefits of cocoa and cardiovascular health.
Keywords: cocoa; heart-health; nitric oxide; cardiovascular disease; medical history
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Pucciarelli, D.L. Cocoa and Heart Health: A Historical Review of the Science. Nutrients 2013, 5, 3854-3870.
Pucciarelli DL. Cocoa and Heart Health: A Historical Review of the Science. Nutrients. 2013; 5(10):3854-3870.
Pucciarelli, Deanna L. 2013. "Cocoa and Heart Health: A Historical Review of the Science." Nutrients 5, no. 10: 3854-3870.