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Nutrients 2012, 4(10), 1454-1463; doi:10.3390/nu4101454
Article

The Use of Implementation Intentions to Promote Vitamin D Supplementation in Young Children

1,* , 2
 and 1
Received: 17 July 2012; in revised form: 13 August 2012 / Accepted: 20 September 2012 / Published: 12 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infant Nutrition)
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Abstract: Only 50% of Dutch children aged 0–4 years receive sufficient daily vitamin D supplementation. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of implementation intentions in promoting vitamin D supplementation among young children. An electronic survey was conducted among parents of children aged 0–4 (n = 171). These parents were randomly assigned to two groups: one that received implementation intention instructions and one that did not. At follow-up, there were no significant between group differences in any outcome measures. These results suggest that merely asking parents to formulate an implementation intention with respect to giving their child daily vitamin D supplementation is insufficient to improve vitamin D intake among young children. However, testing the intervention via the Internet may not have allowed us to exploit the full potential of the strategy. Investigation of the use of implementation intentions in the setting of toddler consultation clinics is therefore recommended.
Keywords: vitamin D; supplementation behaviour; implementation intentions; intervention; young children; parents vitamin D; supplementation behaviour; implementation intentions; intervention; young children; parents
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Nooijer, J.; Jansen, R.; Van Assema, P. The Use of Implementation Intentions to Promote Vitamin D Supplementation in Young Children. Nutrients 2012, 4, 1454-1463.

AMA Style

De Nooijer J, Jansen R, Van Assema P. The Use of Implementation Intentions to Promote Vitamin D Supplementation in Young Children. Nutrients. 2012; 4(10):1454-1463.

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Nooijer, Jascha; Jansen, Roos; Van Assema, Patricia. 2012. "The Use of Implementation Intentions to Promote Vitamin D Supplementation in Young Children." Nutrients 4, no. 10: 1454-1463.



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