Nutrients 2011, 3(6), 683-693; doi:10.3390/nu3060683
Article

Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1 Department of Diabetes, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen AB25 2ZN, UK 2 Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK 3 The Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK 4 Department of Diabetes & Cardiovascular Science, University of Highlands and Islands, Inverness IV2 3JH, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2011; in revised form: 24 May 2011 / Accepted: 3 June 2011 / Published: 9 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbohydrates)
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Abstract: A recent Cochrane review concluded that low glycaemic index (GI) diets are beneficial in glycaemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There are limited UK data regarding the dietary GI in free-living adults with and without T2DM. We measured the energy and macronutrient intake and the dietary GI in a group (n = 19) of individuals with diet controlled T2DM and a group (n = 19) without diabetes, matched for age, BMI and gender. Subjects completed a three-day weighed dietary record. Patients with T2DM consumed more daily portions of wholegrains (2.3 vs. 1.1, P = 0.003), more dietary fibre (32.1 vs. 20.9 g, P < 0.001) and had a lower diet GI (53.5 vs. 57.7, P = 0.009) than subjects without T2DM. Both groups had elevated fat and salt intake and low fruit and vegetable intake, relative to current UK recommendations. Conclusions: Patients with T2DM may already consume a lower GI diet than the general population but further efforts are needed to reduce dietary GI and achieve other nutrient targets.
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; glycaemic index; lifestyle; food intake

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MDPI and ACS Style

McGeoch, S.C.; Holtrop, G.; Fyfe, C.; Lobley, G.E.; Pearson, D.W.M.; Abraham, P.; Megson, I.L.; MacRury, S.M.; Johnstone, A.M. Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients 2011, 3, 683-693.

AMA Style

McGeoch SC, Holtrop G, Fyfe C, Lobley GE, Pearson DWM, Abraham P, Megson IL, MacRury SM, Johnstone AM. Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients. 2011; 3(6):683-693.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McGeoch, Susan C.; Holtrop, Grietje; Fyfe, Claire; Lobley, Gerald E.; Pearson, Donald W. M.; Abraham, Prakash; Megson, Ian L.; MacRury, Sandra M.; Johnstone, Alexandra M. 2011. "Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus." Nutrients 3, no. 6: 683-693.

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