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Nutrients 2011, 3(6), 683-693; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3060683

Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1
Department of Diabetes, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen AB25 2ZN, UK
2
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK
3
The Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
4
Department of Diabetes & Cardiovascular Science, University of Highlands and Islands, Inverness IV2 3JH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2011 / Revised: 24 May 2011 / Accepted: 3 June 2011 / Published: 9 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbohydrates)
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Abstract

A recent Cochrane review concluded that low glycaemic index (GI) diets are beneficial in glycaemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There are limited UK data regarding the dietary GI in free-living adults with and without T2DM. We measured the energy and macronutrient intake and the dietary GI in a group (n = 19) of individuals with diet controlled T2DM and a group (n = 19) without diabetes, matched for age, BMI and gender. Subjects completed a three-day weighed dietary record. Patients with T2DM consumed more daily portions of wholegrains (2.3 vs. 1.1, P = 0.003), more dietary fibre (32.1 vs. 20.9 g, P < 0.001) and had a lower diet GI (53.5 vs. 57.7, P = 0.009) than subjects without T2DM. Both groups had elevated fat and salt intake and low fruit and vegetable intake, relative to current UK recommendations. Conclusions: Patients with T2DM may already consume a lower GI diet than the general population but further efforts are needed to reduce dietary GI and achieve other nutrient targets. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; glycaemic index; lifestyle; food intake type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; glycaemic index; lifestyle; food intake
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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McGeoch, S.C.; Holtrop, G.; Fyfe, C.; Lobley, G.E.; Pearson, D.W.M.; Abraham, P.; Megson, I.L.; MacRury, S.M.; Johnstone, A.M. Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients 2011, 3, 683-693.

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