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Perspectives on Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Milk
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Department of Animal Health and Bioscience, Aarhus University, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 March 2011; in revised form: 21 March 2011 / Accepted: 12 April 2011 / Published: 14 April 2011
Abstract: Immunoglobulins form an important component of the immunological activity found in milk and colostrum. They are central to the immunological link that occurs when the mother transfers passive immunity to the offspring. The mechanism of transfer varies among mammalian species. Cattle provide a readily available immune rich colostrum and milk in large quantities, making those secretions important potential sources of immune products that may benefit humans. Immune milk is a term used to describe a range of products of the bovine mammary gland that have been tested against several human diseases. The use of colostrum or milk as a source of immunoglobulins, whether intended for the neonate of the species producing the secretion or for a different species, can be viewed in the context of the types of immunoglobulins in the secretion, the mechanisms by which the immunoglobulins are secreted, and the mechanisms by which the neonate or adult consuming the milk then gains immunological benefit. The stability of immunoglobulins as they undergo processing in the milk, or undergo digestion in the intestine, is an additional consideration for evaluating the value of milk immunoglobulins. This review summarizes the fundamental knowledge of immunoglobulins found in colostrum, milk, and immune milk.
Keywords: immunoglobulins; milk; colostrum; bovine; human; immunity; passive transfer
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hurley, W.L.; Theil, P.K. Perspectives on Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Milk. Nutrients 2011, 3, 442-474.
Hurley WL, Theil PK. Perspectives on Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Milk. Nutrients. 2011; 3(4):442-474.
Hurley, Walter L.; Theil, Peter K. 2011. "Perspectives on Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Milk." Nutrients 3, no. 4: 442-474.