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Antioxidant Activity of a Mediterranean Food Product: “Fig Syrup”
Pharmaceutical Sciences Department, University of Calabria, Edificio Polifunzionale, Arcavacata di Rende (CS) 87036, Italy
Department of Pharmaco-Biology, University of Calabria, Edificio Polifunzionale, Arcavacata di Rende (CS) 87036, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 January 2011; in revised form: 14 February 2011 / Accepted: 25 February 2011 / Published: 28 February 2011
Abstract: In this work, the efficacy of fig syrup, a Mediterranean fig derivative, as a nutraceutical supplement, was demonstrated. Fig syrup is a fruit concentrate used as a common ingredient in the preparation of typical foods, and particularly in cakes. In vitro assays were performed to determine the amount of nutraceutical ingredients, such as phenolic compounds (3.92 mg equivalent of gallic acid per g) and flavonoids (0.35 mg equivalent of catechin per g), while HPLC analyses provided specific information about the composition of antioxidants in the syrup. Furthermore, total antioxidant activity, scavenging properties against DPPH and peroxyl radicals, and the anticholinesterase activity, clearly showed the efficacy of the syrup in preventing damage induced by free radicals and, thus, the applicability of this food derivative as a nutraceutical supplement.
Keywords: antioxidants; nutraceutical supplement; fruits/vegetables analysis; enzyme inhibition; polyphenols; fig syrup
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Puoci, F.; Iemma, F.; Spizzirri, U.G.; Restuccia, D.; Pezzi, V.; Sirianni, R.; Manganaro, L.; Curcio, M.; Parisi, O.I.; Cirillo, G.; Picci, N. Antioxidant Activity of a Mediterranean Food Product: “Fig Syrup”. Nutrients 2011, 3, 317-329.
Puoci F, Iemma F, Spizzirri UG, Restuccia D, Pezzi V, Sirianni R, Manganaro L, Curcio M, Parisi OI, Cirillo G, Picci N. Antioxidant Activity of a Mediterranean Food Product: “Fig Syrup”. Nutrients. 2011; 3(3):317-329.
Puoci, Francesco; Iemma, Francesca; Spizzirri, Umile G.; Restuccia, Donatella; Pezzi, Vincenzo; Sirianni, Rosa; Manganaro, Lillo; Curcio, Manuela; Parisi, Ortensia I.; Cirillo, Giuseppe; Picci, Nevio. 2011. "Antioxidant Activity of a Mediterranean Food Product: “Fig Syrup”." Nutrients 3, no. 3: 317-329.