Nutrients 2011, 3(2), 245-264; doi:10.3390/nu3020245

Probiotics in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Associated Conditions

Received: 1 January 2011; in revised form: 17 January 2011 / Accepted: 15 February 2011 / Published: 17 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Probiotics and Nutrition)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A complex set of interactions between the human genes encoding innate protective functions and immune defenses and the environment of the intestinal mucosa with its microbiota is currently considered key to the pathogenesis of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Probiotics offer a method to potentially alter the intestinal microbiome exogenously or may provide an option to deliver microbial metabolic products to alter the chronicity of intestinal mucosal inflammation characterizing IBD. At present, there is little evidence for the benefit of currently used probiotic microbes in Crohn’s disease or associated conditions affecting extra-intestinal organs. However, clinical practice guidelines are now including a probiotic as an option for recurrent and relapsing antibiotic sensitive pouchitis and the use of probiotics in mild ulcerative colitis is provocative and suggests potential for benefit in select patients but concerns remain about proof from trials.
Keywords: Crohn’s disease; ulcerative colitis; pouchitis; spondyloartopathy; arthralgia; sclerosing cholangitis; maintenance; induction; remission
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mack, D.R. Probiotics in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Associated Conditions. Nutrients 2011, 3, 245-264.

AMA Style

Mack DR. Probiotics in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Associated Conditions. Nutrients. 2011; 3(2):245-264.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mack, David R. 2011. "Probiotics in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Associated Conditions." Nutrients 3, no. 2: 245-264.

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