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Nutrients 2010, 2(6), 626-651; doi:10.3390/nu2060626
Review

Micronutrients, N-Acetyl Cysteine, Probiotics and Prebiotics, a Review of Effectiveness in Reducing HIV Progression

1,2
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 and 2,4,*
Received: 29 April 2010; in revised form: 18 May 2010 / Accepted: 25 May 2010 / Published: 2 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food and Function 2009)
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Abstract: Low serum concentrations of micronutrients, intestinal abnormalities, and an inflammatory state have been associated with HIV progression. These may be ameliorated by micronutrients, N-acetyl cysteine, probiotics, and prebiotics. This review aims to integrate the evidence from clinical trials of these interventions on the progression of HIV. Vitamin B, C, E, and folic acid have been shown to delay the progression of HIV. Supplementation with selenium, N-acetyl cysteine, probiotics, and prebiotics has considerable potential, but the evidence needs to be further substantiated. Vitamin A, iron, and zinc have been associated with adverse effects and caution is warranted for their use.
Keywords: HIV; AIDS; micronutrients; zinc; selenium; N-acetyl cysteine; probiotics; prebiotics HIV; AIDS; micronutrients; zinc; selenium; N-acetyl cysteine; probiotics; prebiotics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hummelen, R.; Hemsworth, J.; Reid, G. Micronutrients, N-Acetyl Cysteine, Probiotics and Prebiotics, a Review of Effectiveness in Reducing HIV Progression. Nutrients 2010, 2, 626-651.

AMA Style

Hummelen R, Hemsworth J, Reid G. Micronutrients, N-Acetyl Cysteine, Probiotics and Prebiotics, a Review of Effectiveness in Reducing HIV Progression. Nutrients. 2010; 2(6):626-651.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hummelen, Ruben; Hemsworth, Jaimie; Reid, Gregor. 2010. "Micronutrients, N-Acetyl Cysteine, Probiotics and Prebiotics, a Review of Effectiveness in Reducing HIV Progression." Nutrients 2, no. 6: 626-651.


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