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Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 118; doi:10.3390/nu10020118

What Constitutes Traditional and Modern Eating? The Case of Japan

1
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, P.O. Box 47, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
2
Department of Psychology, Hiroshima Shudo University, 1-1-1 Ozukahigashi, Asaminami, Hiroshima 731-3195, Japan
3
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut St./Solomon Labs Building, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
4
Department of Psychology and Counselling, La Trobe University, P.O. Box 821, 133 McKoy Street, Wodonga, VIC 3690, Australia
5
Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
6
CNRS, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 75006 Paris, France
7
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, P.O. Box 36, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 19 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Intake, Trends, and Determinants)
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Abstract

Traditional Japanese dietary culture might be a factor contributing to the high life expectancy in Japan. As little is known about what constitutes traditional and modern eating in Japan, the aims of the current study were to (1) comprehensively compile and systematize the various facets of traditional and modern eating; and (2) investigate whether these facets also apply to traditional and modern eating in Japan. In Study 1, an extensive international literature review was performed. Forty-five facets of traditional and modern eating were compiled and systematized into the dimensions of what and how people eat, and into eleven separate subdimensions. In Study 2, 340 adults from Japan answered a questionnaire. Results showed that traditional and modern eating in Japan is reflected in both what and how people eat. Within these two dimensions, ten subdimensions were found: the ingredients, processing, temporal origin, spatial origin, and variety of consumed foods, as well as temporal, spatial, and social aspects, appreciation, and concerns when eating. This study provides a broad compilation of facets of traditional and modern eating in Japan. Future research should investigate how these facets are related to life expectancy and health. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional eating; modern eating; Japan; multi-faceted; dimensions; compilation; systematization traditional eating; modern eating; Japan; multi-faceted; dimensions; compilation; systematization
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Sproesser, G.; Imada, S.; Furumitsu, I.; Rozin, P.; Ruby, M.B.; Arbit, N.; Fischler, C.; Schupp, H.T.; Renner, B. What Constitutes Traditional and Modern Eating? The Case of Japan. Nutrients 2018, 10, 118.

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