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Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010064

Changing Trends in Nutritional Behavior among University Students in Greece, between 2006 and 2016

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Department of Field Crops and Ecology, School of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2017 / Revised: 29 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
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Abstract

The objective of the present survey was to study the dietary behavior of university students residing away from the family home. In this context, we (a) compared their dietary habits in two time periods, namely 2006 and 2016; and (b) explored the possible impact of gender on the behavioral changes in nutritional choices. A total of four hundred and five university students (2006, n = 242; 2016, n = 163) participated in the study. Dietary assessment was carried out using a qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire, while data about demographic and lifestyle factors were also collected. Students’ dietary habits have been modified in a generally desirable direction, as reflected, e.g., in the elevated consumption of several plant-based foods. Gender was also significantly associated with Body Mass Index (BMI) and changes in dietary attitudes. Possible reasons for the transition towards healthier and more balanced dietary habits could involve the budgetary constraints facing Greece in the last decade, as well as increasing nutritional awareness and other socio-cultural factors characterizing this target group. A deeper understanding of these relations would be crucial to foster nutritional education and further enhance the effectiveness of health promotion campaigns. View Full-Text
Keywords: university students; habitual diet; gender distribution; Body Mass Index (BMI); food intake; dietary habits; Greek financial crisis university students; habitual diet; gender distribution; Body Mass Index (BMI); food intake; dietary habits; Greek financial crisis
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Kyrkou, C.; Tsakoumaki, F.; Fotiou, M.; Dimitropoulou, A.; Symeonidou, M.; Menexes, G.; Biliaderis, C.G.; Michaelidou, A.-M. Changing Trends in Nutritional Behavior among University Students in Greece, between 2006 and 2016. Nutrients 2018, 10, 64.

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