Next Article in Journal
Network Vulnerability Analysis of Rail Transit Plans in Beijng-Tianjin-Hebei Region Considering Connectivity Reliability
Next Article in Special Issue
Inequality, Bi-Polarization and Mobility of Urban Infrastructure Investment in China’s Urban System
Previous Article in Journal
Urban Metabolism of Three Cities in Jing-Jin-Ji Urban Agglomeration, China: Using the MuSIASEM Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Strategic Approaches to Sustainable Urban Renewal in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1483; doi:10.3390/su9081483

A Comprehensive Evaluation of Sustainable Development Ability and Pathway for Major Cities in China

1
Department of Business Administration, National Central University, Zhongli 320, Taiwan
2
Department of Information Management, National Central University, Zhongli 320, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2017 / Revised: 18 August 2017 / Accepted: 20 August 2017 / Published: 21 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urbanization Strategies in Developing Countries)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1974 KB, uploaded 22 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Sustainability consists of economic, environmental, and societal aspects. Concomitant with China’s rapid growth, the evaluation of China’s ability for sustainable development (SD) has become a topic of interest. Unlike previous studies that are based on provincial regions and focus on economic and/or environmental evaluations, we have evaluated the comprehensive SD ability of 34 major cities in China using the context-dependent data envelopment analysis (CD-DEA) and proposed benchmark-learning pathways. The results indicate that the SD ability of China’s major cities may be classified and ordered from low tiers to high tiers: high energy consumption and polluting industries—intensive industries—fixed asset investments and service industries—innovation, quality of life and societal services industries. As a whole, cities along the coast have a higher ability for SD than inland cities, and southern cities also rate higher than northern cities. Cities that are prioritized by government policies and funding also have higher SD abilities than other cities. We recommend that cities with lower abilities (i.e., cities in the second, third, and fourth tiers) should adopt the following points in their developmental pathways (in this order): the control of energy consumption and environmental pollution, industry upgrading and redevelopment of the city, and the development of an environment that encourages innovation and provides ample employment. This study finds that GDP is no longer an issue that restricts the SD ability of China’s major cities, as compared to other factors. As China progresses towards the sustainable cities, focus should be placed on the development of a knowledge-intensive economy, balanced development, and pollution prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; China’s cities; data envelopment analysis; efficiency evaluation; benchmark-learning pathway sustainable development; China’s cities; data envelopment analysis; efficiency evaluation; benchmark-learning pathway
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, S.-H.; Gao, Y.; Shiue, Y.-C. A Comprehensive Evaluation of Sustainable Development Ability and Pathway for Major Cities in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1483.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top