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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1600; doi:10.3390/su9091600

Inequality, Bi-Polarization and Mobility of Urban Infrastructure Investment in China’s Urban System

1
School of Construction Management and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
2
School of Economics and Management, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
3
High-Tech Enterprise Development Research Center, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
4
Chongqing Planning and Design Institute, Chongqing 401147, China
5
International Research Center for Sustainable Built Environment, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 1 September 2017 / Accepted: 6 September 2017 / Published: 8 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urbanization Strategies in Developing Countries)
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Abstract

In periods of rapid urbanization, investment in urban infrastructure should not only meet the increasing demands of all urban people, but also be equally allocated between cities to achieve social equity and sustainable development. This paper aimed to conduct quantitative research on the unbalance of urban infrastructure investment between cities in China. The measurement models for inequality, bi-polarization and the mobility of urban infrastructure investment were constructed by means of the Gini coefficient, bi-polarization index and mobility function from the urban system, and an empirical study was conducted based on panel data from 2006 to 2014. The results show that: (1) The overall inequality of urban infrastructure investment in China’s urban system was relatively prominent and showed a “U-shaped” change generally. (2) The inequality between different administrative levels or regional cities only partially accounted for the overall inequality of China’s urban system. (3) Inequality and bi-polarization showed inconsistent performance. (4) Mobility played a positive role in reducing the inequality and bi-polarization. Based on the empirical findings and the reality of China’s urban infrastructure investment and financing, targeted policy suggestions were proposed in terms of adjusting inequality and bi-polarization, innovating investment and financing mechanisms, and optimizing urban infrastructure investment strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban infrastructure investment; inequality; bi-polarization; mobility; urban system; China urban infrastructure investment; inequality; bi-polarization; mobility; urban system; China
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ma, L.; Li, D.; Tao, X.; Dong, H.; He, B.; Ye, X. Inequality, Bi-Polarization and Mobility of Urban Infrastructure Investment in China’s Urban System. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1600.

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