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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1365; doi:10.3390/su9081365

Crude Oil Contaminated Sites: Evaluation by Using Risk Assessment Approach

1
Department of Energy Production and Use, Splaiul Independentei No. 313, Faculty of Power Engineering, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, 006042 Bucharest, Romania
2
Department of Environmental Engineering, University of KOCAELI, Umuttepe Kampüsü, TR-41380 İzmit, Kocaeli, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2017 / Revised: 24 July 2017 / Accepted: 27 July 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Assessment and Management)
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Abstract

Soils contaminated with toxic and persistent pollutants pose different and serious hazards to the environment and human health. Multidisciplinary procedures that are considering models for the prediction of risk for long-term exposure are needed. The present paper illustrates the operating mode and utility of an environmental software able toe0) integrates the dose-response modeling as a major part of hazard characterization in order to assess the quantitative risk from carcinogens. In this way, risk assessment is used as a method for the investigation of contaminated sites. The method is demonstrated on a Romanian field site, contaminated with petroleum products. For the assessment of human health risks from oil-contaminated sites, the contaminants of concern are considered as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (MAHs), and heavy metals, chemicals known as human carcinogens. Quantitative risk calculations revealed an individual risk of 1.07 × 10−5 for children and 6.89 × 10−6 for adults. The paper represents a utility example of an environmental software solution that could be considered by decision-making factors in approving certain projects. The software tool is helpful for protecting the environment and human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: exposure modeling; heavy metals; hydrocarbons; risk assessment; soil pollution exposure modeling; heavy metals; hydrocarbons; risk assessment; soil pollution
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Cocârţă, D.M.; Stoian, M.A.; Karademir, A. Crude Oil Contaminated Sites: Evaluation by Using Risk Assessment Approach. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1365.

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