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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 944; doi:10.3390/su9060944

A Comparative Study of Trade Relations and the Spatial-Temporal Evolution of Geo-Economy between China and Vietnam

Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 27 April 2017 / Accepted: 31 May 2017 / Published: 3 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

With the increasing economic importance of the Asia-Pacific Region, the economic interdependence among countries in the region has gradually enhanced. With the continuous opening up of the two countries, Sino-Vietnamese economic relations have also been deepened. However, the export trade between Vietnam and China has been competitive. China and Vietnam seek to dominate or join an agreement that is conducive to their own trade, which also exacerbates the trade competition between the two countries. This paper compares China and Vietnam and analyzes their foreign trade data from 2005 to 2014. By analyzing the competitiveness of export commodities, the trade division effect and spatio-temporal changes of the geo-economic relationship in the Asia-Pacific Region, this study explores Sino-Vietnamese trade relations and compares the pattern of geo-economic evolution between the two countries. The findings show that China and Vietnam have similarities and substitutability in textiles, apparel and footwear in terms of commodity structure. There is already a trade diversion effect between Vietnam and China on these commodities, but it is not substantial. From a geographic perspective, China’s geo-economic relations in the Pacific Rim present an increasingly dispersed trend. However, the spatial pattern of Vietnam’s geo-economy has maintained a low-level and stable spatial agglomeration over the last decade. View Full-Text
Keywords: RTA; trade division; geo-economic relations; China; Vietnam RTA; trade division; geo-economic relations; China; Vietnam
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Ma, T.; Liu, Y.; Ge, Y. A Comparative Study of Trade Relations and the Spatial-Temporal Evolution of Geo-Economy between China and Vietnam. Sustainability 2017, 9, 944.

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