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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 1002; doi:10.3390/su9061002

Integrating Ecosystem Services and Eco-Security to Assess Sustainable Development in Liuqiu Island

1
Department of Health Diet and Industry Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
2
Department of Medical Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
3
Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, 145 Xingda Rd., South Dist., Taichung City 40227, Taiwan
4
International Bachelor Program of Agribusiness, National Chung Hsing University, 145 Xingda Rd., South Dist., Taichung City 40227, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kelly S. Bricker
Received: 20 April 2017 / Revised: 1 June 2017 / Accepted: 2 June 2017 / Published: 9 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment, Tourism and Sustainable Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [242 KB, uploaded 12 June 2017]

Abstract

Developing sustainable island tourism must be thoroughly evaluated in consideration of ecological, economic, and social factors on account of the fragility of island ecosystems. This study evaluated the ecological footprint (EF) and ecological capacity of Liuqiu Island from 2010 to 2015 using the EF model, establishing an indicator to estimate the value of ecosystem service and eco-security. The empirical results include: (1) the overall value of ecosystem service on Liuqiu Island increased from US$3.75 million in 2010 to US$5.11 million in 2015; (2) the total per capita EF considerably increased from 0.5640 gha/person in 2010 to 4.0845 gha/person in 2015; and (3) the ecological footprint index increased from 0.30 in 2010 to 2.28 in 2015. These findings indicate that island tourism recreational zones gradually increased the pressure on its ecosystem, reduced the eco-security level, and severely damaged the environment, thereby threatening the function and structure of the entire ecosystem. The innovations and contributions of this study is integrating ecological footprint and ecosystem services valuation provide insights into sustainability of an island. The theoretical and practical implications identified in this study should contribute to reducing the gap between research and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem service value; eco-security; sustainable island tourism; sustainability assessment ecosystem service value; eco-security; sustainable island tourism; sustainability assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, H.-S.; Liu, W.-Y.; Hsieh, C.-M. Integrating Ecosystem Services and Eco-Security to Assess Sustainable Development in Liuqiu Island. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1002.

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