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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 672; doi:10.3390/su9040672

An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Urban Spatial Form and CO2 in Chinese Cities

1
School of Economics and Management, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi 435002, China
2
Key Laboratory of High Performance Computing and Stochastic Information Processing (HPCSIP) (Ministry of Education of China), College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 27 March 2017 / Revised: 15 April 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 24 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [227 KB, uploaded 24 April 2017]

Abstract

Although several studies have explained the effect of urbanization on China’s carbon emissions, most have focused on population urbanization, while ignoring the urban spatial form. This study investigates the impact of urban spatial form, measured by residential density, on the evolution of carbon emissions of 108 cities from 2003 to 2013 in China. The main results are as follows: (1) although urbanization significantly increases CO2 emissions, urban spatial form measured by residential density produces a negative effect on CO2 emissions in China.; (2) China has not become the “pollution haven” of foreign direct investment (FDI), instead, green FDI has reduced carbon emissions significantly; (3) the environmental dividends of low-carbon transformation have been observed in eastern and middle cities, but not in western ones. Therefore, establishing compact cities and traversing a low-carbon path is both feasible and necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization; residential density; urban spatial form; carbon emissions; compact cities urbanization; residential density; urban spatial form; carbon emissions; compact cities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yi, Y.; Ma, S.; Guan, W.; Li, K. An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Urban Spatial Form and CO2 in Chinese Cities. Sustainability 2017, 9, 672.

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