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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 674; doi:10.3390/su9040674

The Impacts of Technical Progress on Sulfur Dioxide Kuznets Curve in China: A Spatial Panel Data Approach

1
School of Statistics and Mathematics, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
2
Computational Social Science Laboratory, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44240, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fausto Cavallaro
Received: 5 January 2017 / Revised: 16 March 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 24 April 2017
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Abstract

This paper aims to reveal the nexus for sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission and income, as well as the effects of technical progress on SO2 emission in China based on environment Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis. The spatial panel technique is used in case the coefficient estimates are biased due to the negligence of spatial dependence. With the provincial panel data of China from 2004 to 2014, this is the first research that finds an inverse N-trajectory of the relationship between SO2 emission and economic growth and confirms the beneficial impacts of technical advancement on SO2 emission abatement. The empirical results also suggest that the industrial structure change is an important driving force of the SO2 EKC. In addition, the direct and spillover effects of determinants on sulfur emission are clarified and estimated by a correct approach. Finally, we check the stability of our conclusions on the EKC shape for SO2 and technical progress effects when controlling for different variables and specifications, through which we find the turning points are sensitive to variables selections. View Full-Text
Keywords: SO2 emission; environmental Kuznets curve; technical progress; spatial panel data model SO2 emission; environmental Kuznets curve; technical progress; spatial panel data model
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Zhou, Z.; Ye, X.; Ge, X. The Impacts of Technical Progress on Sulfur Dioxide Kuznets Curve in China: A Spatial Panel Data Approach. Sustainability 2017, 9, 674.

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