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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 675; doi:10.3390/su9040675

Comparing the Influences of the D/H Ratio, Size, and Facade Design of an Enclosed Square on Its Perceptual Qualities as a Sustainable Urban Space in South Korea

Department of Urban Planning, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 5 February 2017 / Revised: 21 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 24 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3407 KB, uploaded 24 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

This study examines the dominance of the D/H ratio as a design element for an enclosed urban square, long claimed by numerous urban designers. It claims that like the D/H ratio, other design elements significantly affect the perceptual quality of an enclosed square, but their impacts differ according to the context in which they are applied. The study reviews the literature pertaining to enclosures as an urban design strategy and design elements for an enclosed urban square. Then it presents a comparative analysis of the impact of the D/H ratio and other design elements such as the size of the square and the facade design using a visual assessment survey with computer-simulated images of urban squares. Results of the analysis support the argument that like the D/H ratio, the square size and its facade design have a considerable but distinctly different influence on users’ perceptions of urban squares. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban squares; enclosure; D/H ratio; social sustainability; visual assessment survey urban squares; enclosure; D/H ratio; social sustainability; visual assessment survey
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, J. Comparing the Influences of the D/H Ratio, Size, and Facade Design of an Enclosed Square on Its Perceptual Qualities as a Sustainable Urban Space in South Korea. Sustainability 2017, 9, 675.

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