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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 323; doi:10.3390/su9020323

Effectiveness Evaluation for a Commercialized PV-Assisted Charging Station

State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jiawei Gong, Qiquan Qiao, Zhengping Zhou, Tingting Xu, Mao Liang and Wenfeng Zhang
Received: 19 January 2017 / Revised: 15 February 2017 / Accepted: 17 February 2017 / Published: 22 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Photovoltaic Electricity)
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Abstract

The Photovoltaic–assisted Charging Station (PVCS) is regarded as one of the most promising charging facilities for future electric vehicle (EV) energy supplementation. In this paper, the operation mode and profitability of a commercialized PVCS are analyzed under the energy policy of China. In order to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of using the PVCS to provide guidance for the investors of the stations, a set of evaluation indexes is introduced, including the quality of service, the environmental and economic benefits, and the impacts on the grid. Furthermore, an easily-achieved charging strategy which considers the quality of service and the self-consumption of PV energy is proposed. Finally, an effectiveness evaluation for different operational scenarios of the PVCS is completed, based on the actual statistical data. The simulation and evaluation results indicate that the PVCS has the potential to produce satisfactory environmental/economic benefits and to reduce the impacts and dependence of an EV’s charging load on the grid. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; PV system; effectiveness evaluation; operation mode; charging strategy electric vehicle; PV system; effectiveness evaluation; operation mode; charging strategy
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Liu, N.; Cheng, M. Effectiveness Evaluation for a Commercialized PV-Assisted Charging Station. Sustainability 2017, 9, 323.

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