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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 399; doi:10.3390/su8040399

Life Cycle Inventory Analysis for a Small-Scale Trawl Fishery in Sendai Bay, Japan

1
Fisheries Industry and Fishing Port Department, Miyagi Prefecture Kesennuma Regional Promotion Office, 47-6 Suginosawa Akaiwa, Kesennuma-city, Miyagi 988-0066, Japan
2
Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 16-1 Onogawa Tsukuba-city, Ibaraki 305-8569, Japan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yasuhiro Fukushima and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 21 October 2015 / Revised: 14 April 2016 / Accepted: 18 April 2016 / Published: 22 April 2016
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Abstract

A reduced environmental burden, while maintaining high quality and low cost, has become an important factor for achieving sustainability in the fisheries sector. The authors performed life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis targeting the fish production for a small-scale trawl fishery including small trawlers operating in Sendai Bay, Japan. The average annual cumulative CO2 emissions for the small trawlers were 4.7 ton-CO2/ton-product and 8.3 ton-CO2/million Japanese yen (JPN). Total fuel consumption contributed to 97% of the global warming potential. The range of variation in the basic unit of CO2 for each small trawler was also elucidated. Energy conservation through lower fuel consumption is shown to be an effective measure for reducing CO2 in a small trawler fishery. Moreover, the authors examined the system boundary, the determination of the functional unit, and the allocation method of applying LCI analysis to fisheries. Finally, the economy and environment of small trawler fisheries are discussed as important factors for sustainable fisheries, and the life cycle approach is applied to a new fishery type in Japan. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle inventory; small-scale trawl fishery; flatfish; environmental burden; Sendai Bay life cycle inventory; small-scale trawl fishery; flatfish; environmental burden; Sendai Bay
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Watanabe, K.; Tahara, K. Life Cycle Inventory Analysis for a Small-Scale Trawl Fishery in Sendai Bay, Japan. Sustainability 2016, 8, 399.

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