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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 397; doi:10.3390/su8040397

An Approach to Assess the Effectiveness of Smart Growth in Achieving Sustainable Development

Department of City and Regional Planning, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, KFUPM Box 1632, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
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Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 11 February 2016 / Revised: 17 April 2016 / Accepted: 19 April 2016 / Published: 22 April 2016
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Abstract

Smart Growth has become an evident concept in public policy debates and provides answers to the enduring problems of sprawling development and its many adverse consequences. While the concept has widely been touted to promote an urban development pattern characterized by compact and mixed-use development, walkable and bikeable neighborhoods, preserved green spaces, and the availability of mass transit, not much has been written about its contribution to sustainable development. This paper is an attempt to explore the concepts of smart growth and sustainable development and the extent to which the former contributes to the achievement of the latter. The various debates surrounding the smart growth movement have also been explored. The 2003 general plan guideline by the US State of California is used as the basis for determining the sustainable development role of smart growth policies in Portland (Oregon), Arlington (Virginia), Boulder (Colorado) and Lancaster County (Pennsylvania). The paper concludes that it would be inappropriate to equate smart growth to sustainable development as the latter is a much broader concept and cuts across myriad disciplines. Notwithstanding, the implementation of smart growth policies in the cases studied have been observed to promote compact, infill and transit-oriented development and to conserve and protect open spaces and natural areas. All these are pro-sustainable development. While this paper has observed that smart growth serves as one of the approaches for achieving sustainable development goals, it calls for a more quantitative study to be able to measure the magnitude of the contribution associated with the smart growth policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; smart growth; compact development; environmental protection sustainable development; smart growth; compact development; environmental protection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mohammed, I.; Alshuwaikhat, H.M.; Adenle, Y.A. An Approach to Assess the Effectiveness of Smart Growth in Achieving Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2016, 8, 397.

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