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Sustainability 2016, 8(3), 241; doi:10.3390/su8030241

Analysis on Impact Factors of Water Utilization Structure in Tianjin, China

1
Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190, China
2
Beijing Engineering Corporation Limited, Power China, Beijing 100024, China
3
National Research Institute for Rural Electrification, Hangzhou 310012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 1 January 2016 / Revised: 27 February 2016 / Accepted: 1 March 2016 / Published: 7 March 2016
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Abstract

Water is an essential foundation for socio-economic development and environmental protection. As such, it is very critical for a city’s sustainable development. This study analyzed the changes in water utilization structure and its impact factors using water consumption data for agricultural, industrial, domestic and ecological areas in the city of Tianjin, China from 2004 to 2013. On this base, the evolution law and impact factors of water utilization structure were depicted by information entropy and grey correlation respectively. These analyses lead to three main results. First, the total amount of water consumption in Tianjin increased slightly from 2004 to 2013. Second, the information entropy and equilibrium degree peaked in 2010. From 2004 to 2010, the water utilization structure tended to be more disordered and balanced. Third, the economic and social factors seemed to influence the water utilization structure, while the main impact factors were industrial structure, per capita green area, cultivated area, effective irrigation area, rural electricity consumption, animal husbandry output, resident population, per capita domestic water etc. View Full-Text
Keywords: impact factor; Tianjin; water consumption; water utilization structure; sustainable development; water resources management impact factor; Tianjin; water consumption; water utilization structure; sustainable development; water resources management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, C.; Dong, L.; Liu, Y.; Qiao, H. Analysis on Impact Factors of Water Utilization Structure in Tianjin, China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 241.

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