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Sustainability 2016, 8(3), 219; doi:10.3390/su8030219

Green Development Performance in China: A Metafrontier Non-Radial Approach

1,* and 2
1
College of Mathematics & Computer Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center for Ecological Economics and Management, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu 233030, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Bing Wang and Ning Zhang
Received: 4 December 2015 / Revised: 23 February 2016 / Accepted: 24 February 2016 / Published: 1 March 2016
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Abstract

This paper proposes a green development growth index (GDGI) for measuring the changes in sustainable development over time. This index considers a wide range of pollutants, and allows for the incorporation of group heterogeneity and non-radial slack in the conventional green development index. The GDGI is calculated based on a non-radial directional distance function derived by several data envelopment analysis (DEA) models, and was decomposed into an efficiency change (EC) index, a best-practice gap change (BPC) index and a technology gap change (TGC) index. The proposed indices are employed to measure green development performance in 30 provinces in China from 2000 to 2012. The empirical results show that China has a low level of green development, with a 2.58% increase per year driven by an innovation effect. China’s green development is mainly led by the eastern region, and the technology gaps between the eastern region and the other two regions (the central and western regions) have become wider over the years. The group innovative provinces have set a target for resource utilization of non-innovative provinces in order to catch-up with the corresponding groups, while the metafrontier innovative provinces provide targets for the technology levels of other provinces to improve their green development performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: green development performance; non-radial directional distance function; metafrontier analysis; China green development performance; non-radial directional distance function; metafrontier analysis; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, K.; Song, M. Green Development Performance in China: A Metafrontier Non-Radial Approach. Sustainability 2016, 8, 219.

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