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Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1141; doi:10.3390/su8111141

Regional Inequality in Underdeveloped Areas: A Case Study of Guizhou Province in China

1,2
,
1,3
,
4,* and 4
1
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Department of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4
Center of Integrated Geographic Information Analysis, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 August 2016 / Accepted: 24 October 2016 / Published: 6 November 2016
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Abstract

This study analyzes regional development in one of the poorest provinces in China, Guizhou Province, between 2000 and 2012 using a multiscale and multi-mechanism framework. In general, regional inequality has been declining since 2000. In addition, economic development in Guizhou Province presented spatial agglomeration and club convergence, which shows how the development pattern of core-periphery has been developed between 2006 and 2012. Multilevel regression analysis revealed that industrialization, marketization and investment level were the primary driving forces of regional economic disparity in Guizhou Province. We can get a deeper understanding of the mechanisms involved in regional inequality in Guizhou Province with the multilevel regression models. The influences of decentralization on regional economic disparity were actually relatively weak, and investment level exhibited more importance on the regional inequality when the variable of time was considered. In addition, both the topography and urban-rural differentiation were the two main reasons for forming a core-periphery structure in
Guizhou Province. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional inequality; multilevel regression; Markov chain; Guizhou Province regional inequality; multilevel regression; Markov chain; Guizhou Province
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sun, W.; Lin, X.; Liang, Y.; Li, L. Regional Inequality in Underdeveloped Areas: A Case Study of Guizhou Province in China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1141.

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