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Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1119; doi:10.3390/su8111119

Does Technology Transfer Help Small and Medium Companies? Empirical Evidence from Korea

1
Department of Economics, Dong-A University, Busan 602-760, Korea
2
Department of Economics, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
3
Department of International Trade, Dong-A University, Busan 602-760, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: JinHyo Joseph Yun, Tan Yigitcanlar and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 25 August 2016 / Revised: 21 October 2016 / Accepted: 27 October 2016 / Published: 1 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [236 KB, uploaded 1 November 2016]

Abstract

We challenge the view that technology transfer from big companies to small and medium (SM) size companies helps SM companies to prosper. With a large dataset of SM companies in Korea, we utilize the stochastic production frontier (SPF) model to examine the productivity of inputs and the generalized linear model (GLM) to compare business performance between two groups of SM companies: SM companies that receive technology transfer and those that do not receive technology transfer from big companies. The empirical results demonstrate that the transfer of technology from big companies to SM companies help SM companies to enjoy productivity of capital. Nonetheless, SM companies receiving technology transfer were found to underperform in terms of labor productivity and profit margin compared to their counterparts. We further investigate the reasons why SM companies receiving technology transfer from big companies underperform relative to their counterparts, and our findings shows that the former do not export much of their product and face more difficulties such as lower price for their products imposed by big companies than the latter. By identifying the negative rather than the conventionally assumed positive effect of technology transfer, this paper contributes to the literature on the relationship between technology transfer and SM companies’ prosperity in the case of Korea. Our findings have important implications for how SM companies should strategize and rethink about the clauses embedded in the transfer of technology that they receive from big companies because technology transfer plays as a barrier to their prosperity. View Full-Text
Keywords: technology transfer; small and medium (SM) companies; productivity; globalization technology transfer; small and medium (SM) companies; productivity; globalization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, D.-H.; Sambou, M.O.; Jung, M.-S. Does Technology Transfer Help Small and Medium Companies? Empirical Evidence from Korea. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1119.

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