Next Article in Journal
Personal Water Footprint in Taiwan: A Case Study of Yunlin County
Previous Article in Journal
Farmers’ Perception of the Decade-Long Grazing Ban Policy in Northern China: A Case Study of Yanchi County
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1111; doi:10.3390/su8111111

A Questionnaire Case Study to Investigate Public Awareness of Smog Pollution in China’s Rural Areas

1
Faculty of Marxism, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Environmental Management Research Group, Vaasa University, Vaasa FI-65101, Finland
3
Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
4
Vaasa Energy Institute, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 29 August 2016 / Revised: 16 October 2016 / Accepted: 27 October 2016 / Published: 31 October 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1102 KB, uploaded 31 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Smog pollution is one of China’s most pressing public health issues today and has therefore received significant attention worldwide. Not only cities but also villages in China are suffering from smog pollution, especially since 2013. However, there is limited information available about public awareness on smog pollution in China, especially for where it concerns the residents living in villages. Based on a questionnaire survey, this study aims to help fill this gap. The results of the study show that the income of the majority of respondents comes from working in the city, accounting for 31.6% of the total income. The percentages for respondents related to access to smog information from various channels are as follows: TV (28.5%), radio (24.2%), neighbors (13.5%), Internet (9.8%), newspapers (8.3%) and others (7.8%). As for attitudes regarding the severity degree and main cause of smog pollution, most respondents (33.7%) thought smog pollution in villages was somewhat severe, while 26.3% agreed that the main contributor to smog pollution was industrial emissions, followed by coal burning at power plants (20.9%) and vehicle emissions (17.7%). The results also indicate that most of the respondents were satisfied with the government’s performance in terms of smog control. However, 67.9% of respondents indicated they would remain silent and not intervene when confronted by an activity that causes smog pollution. This study can help to improve an understanding of public awareness regarding smog pollution in China’s rural areas and thereby activate positive public participation in smog pollution prevention and management in the search for sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: smog; public awareness; public participation; pollution; energy; governance; China smog; public awareness; public participation; pollution; energy; governance; China
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, L.; Hiltunen, E.; He, X.; Zhu, L. A Questionnaire Case Study to Investigate Public Awareness of Smog Pollution in China’s Rural Areas. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1111.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top