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Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 10976-10993; doi:10.3390/su70810976

Optimization of the Waterbus Operation Plan Considering Carbon Emissions: The Case of Zhoushan City

1
School of Management, Ocean University of China, Qingdao City 266100, China
2
Transportation Management College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
3
School of Accountancy, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 31 May 2015 / Revised: 24 July 2015 / Accepted: 27 July 2015 / Published: 11 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon reduction strategies and methods in transportation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1599 KB, uploaded 11 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

Recently, as more people are concerned with the issues around environment protection, research about how to reduce carbon emissions has drawn increasing attention. Encouraging public transportation is an effective measure to reduce carbon emissions. However, overland public transportation does less to lower carbon because of the gradually increasing pressure of the urban road traffic. Therefore, the waterbus along the coast becomes a new direction of the urban public transport development. In order to optimize the operation plan of the waterbus, a bi-level model considering carbon emissions is proposed in this paper. In the upper-level model, a multiple objective model is established, which considers both the interests of the passengers and the operator while considering the carbon emissions. The lower-level model is a traffic model split by using a Nested Logit model. A NSGA-II (Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II) algorithm is proposed to solve the model. Finally, the city of Zhoushan is chosen as an example to prove the feasibility of the model and the algorithm. The result shows that the proposed model for waterbus operation optimization can efficiently reduce transportation carbon emissions and satisfy passenger demand at the same time. View Full-Text
Keywords: waterbus; carbon emission; operation plan; bi-level model; NSGA-II algorithm waterbus; carbon emission; operation plan; bi-level model; NSGA-II algorithm
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Guan, F.; Li, T.; Wang, C.; Han, Q.; Yu, B. Optimization of the Waterbus Operation Plan Considering Carbon Emissions: The Case of Zhoushan City. Sustainability 2015, 7, 10976-10993.

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