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Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8565-8586; doi:10.3390/su7078565

Sustainability of Historical Landscape to Gwanghalluwon Garden in Namwon City, Korea

1
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Yiheyuan 5, Haidian District, Beijing 100871, China
2
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Peking University, Yiheyuan 5, Haidian District, Beijing 100871, China
3
National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, Cultural Heritage Adninstration, Yudeungro 927, Seogu, Daejeon 302-834, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Shangyi Zhou and Je-Hun Ryu
Received: 15 May 2015 / Revised: 26 June 2015 / Accepted: 26 June 2015 / Published: 2 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape and Sustainability)
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Abstract

The present study was intend to track down the transitional process in which the hierarchical dominance in the urban structure of Namwon City shifted from the Namwoneupseong Walled Town to the area of Gwanghalluwon Garden by using cadastral data and various historical sources. It was aimed to find the factors regarding the transition and a sustainable development plan to the historical landscape. The results were as follows: First, the urban structure of former Namwon City has succeeded to a typical grid street structure of walled town. However, land use and urban landscape to an existing grid street structure and a modified grid street structure was formed by development of transportation in the city. In addition, as the fortress was demolished, land development expanded east and west along the railroad and Yochun River. Accordingly, the central areas of Namwon City also expanded and shifted from Namwoneupseong Walled Town to the new towns in the adjacent area. Secondly, lots transformation process of Gwanghalluwon Garden started the changing by transitioning from the pavilion of a past government office to tourist attraction in the novel Chunhyang-jeon, written during the Joseon Dynasty. It was transformed into the current area of Gwanghalluwon Garden through the regional expansion project in the 1960s, and the relocation of neighboring market in the 1970s by the conflagration. And Namwon County purchased these lands. Later, Gwanghalluwon Garden was designated a cultural asset and the current shape of Gwanghalluwon Garden has been preserved since then. Third, The secret of how Gwanghalluwon Garden has been able to survive as a “dominated landscape” is likely to be found in the relationship between the development of the city (external factor), historical landscapes (internal factor), and complex interactions of history, geography, culture, etc. Furthermore, each factor has served as a unique element in developing Gwanghalluwon Garden into a famous site. Now, people perceive the area surrounding Gwanghalluwon Garden as a valuable space. Fourth, to preserve Gwanghalluwon Garden’s important legacy as a historical landscape, it is necessary to shed new light on the awareness of values accumulated over time. Accordingly, the process by which a historical resource evolves in value, urban functions, and culture can be expected to have “unpredictable positive effects” in areas where cultural acts occur and society, environment, economics, etc. serve as motives to preserve the historical resource. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural asset; dominated landscape; historical resource; historic urban landscape (HUL); sustainable preservation; urban tissue cultural asset; dominated landscape; historical resource; historic urban landscape (HUL); sustainable preservation; urban tissue
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shin, H.S.; Chen, Y.; Lee, W.H.; Kim, D.H. Sustainability of Historical Landscape to Gwanghalluwon Garden in Namwon City, Korea. Sustainability 2015, 7, 8565-8586.

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