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Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4310-4322; doi:10.3390/su7044310

The Evolution of the Coastal Economy: The Role of Working Waterfronts in the Alabama Gulf Coast

1,2,* , 1,3
and
3
1
International Center for Ecology, Meteorology & Environment, School of Applied Meteorology, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
3
Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 16 November 2014 / Revised: 2 April 2015 / Accepted: 2 April 2015 / Published: 14 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [747 KB, uploaded 14 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

This article describes the evolution of the coastal economy in Alabama and examines the driving forces of the sustainable economy in a historical context. The input-output model was applied to assess the direct and secondary effects of output and employment in the coastal region. Results suggest that state industries are heavily dependent on waterfront-related activities in this area, which have fueled much of their rapid development in the past few decades. Tourism, ship building and repairing and transportation are the three dominating sources contributing to the coastal economy. There are a few general problems of working waterfronts in the coastal Alabama area, but there are also some unique problems (e.g., Hurricane Katrina, Deepwater Horizon oil spill). Policies for future sustainable development are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: input-output model; economic evaluation; Gulf Area; natural disasters; marine transportation input-output model; economic evaluation; Gulf Area; natural disasters; marine transportation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Li, S.; Guo, Z. The Evolution of the Coastal Economy: The Role of Working Waterfronts in the Alabama Gulf Coast. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4310-4322.

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