Next Article in Journal
Estimating Energy Consumption of Transport Modes in China Using DEA
Previous Article in Journal
Leadership in Romanian Small to Medium Enterprises
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4199-4224; doi:10.3390/su7044199

Challenges of Sustainable and Commercial Aquaponics

1
Aquaponik Manufaktur GmbH, Gelderner Str. 139, 47661 Issum, Germany
2
Integrated and Urban Plant Pathology Laboratory, Université de Liège, Avenue Maréchal Juin 13, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
3
Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 6, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
4
Institute of Sustainability Studies, University of Iceland, Sæmundargata 10, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
5
Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Taeknigardur, Dunhagi 5, 107 Reykjavik, Iceland
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 9 February 2015 / Revised: 23 March 2015 / Accepted: 25 March 2015 / Published: 10 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [940 KB, uploaded 10 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

The world is facing a number of serious problems of which population rise, climate change, soil degradation, water scarcity and food security are among the most important. Aquaponics, as a closed loop system consisting of hydroponics and aquaculture elements, could contribute to addressing these problems. However, there is a lack of quantitative research to support the development of economically feasible aquaponics systems. Although many studies have addressed some scientific aspects, there has been limited focus on commercial implementation. In this review paper, opportunities that have the potential to fill the gap between research and implementation of commercial aquaponic systems have been identified. The analysis shows that aquaponics is capable of being an important driver for the development of integrated food production systems. Arid regions suffering from water stress will particularly benefit from this technology being operated in a commercial environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaponics; hydroponics; recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS); phosphorus; nutrient solubilization; pH stabilization; nutrient cycling; pest management; urban farming; water scarcity aquaponics; hydroponics; recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS); phosphorus; nutrient solubilization; pH stabilization; nutrient cycling; pest management; urban farming; water scarcity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Goddek, S.; Delaide, B.; Mankasingh, U.; Ragnarsdottir, K.V.; Jijakli, H.; Thorarinsdottir, R. Challenges of Sustainable and Commercial Aquaponics. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4199-4224.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top