Next Article in Journal
Challenges of Sustainable and Commercial Aquaponics
Next Article in Special Issue
Balance of Comparative Advantages in the Processed Food Sector of the Danube Countries
Previous Article in Journal
Genuine Savings as an Indicator for “Weak” Sustainability: Critical Survey and Possible Ways forward in Practical Measuring
Previous Article in Special Issue
Estimating Potential GDP for the Romanian Economy and Assessing the Sustainability of Economic Growth: A Multivariate Filter Approach
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4183-4198; doi:10.3390/su7044183

Leadership in Romanian Small to Medium Enterprises

Department of Economics and Economic Policies, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Calea Dorobantilor 15-17, Bucharest 010552, Romania
Department of Management, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Calea Dorobantilor 15-17, Bucharest 010552, Romania
Department of Business Administration, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Calea Dorobantilor 15-17, Bucharest 010552, Romania
Institute of Space Science (ISS), 409 Atomistilor Street, Bucharest-Magurele 077125, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marc A. Rosen and Popescu Gheorghe
Received: 28 November 2014 / Revised: 11 March 2015 / Accepted: 20 March 2015 / Published: 10 April 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [729 KB, uploaded 10 April 2015]   |  


We have conducted a broad statistical research on Romanian small to medium enterprises (SMEs), with the goal of better understanding: (1) the incipient organizational culture of a recently-opened East European market; and (2) the role of leadership in increasing the competitiveness of SMEs. The paper studies the perceived characteristics of a leader and their influence on the organization’s results (as seen by employees), and it tries to reveal the subliminal inter-correlations among these characteristics. The method is factor analysis (implemented in SPSS), for a questionnaire with 23 items, answered by 930 subjects on a five-point Likert scale. The six factors identified by our analysis were: adaptability; cooperation; authority; charisma; confidence; motivation. By highlighting these basic components, our study aims both at increasing competitiveness in Romanian enterprises and at designing better training programs for managers and entrepreneurs acting on East European markets, adapted to the real characteristics of these young economic environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: knowledge leadership; entrepreneurship; SMEs; factor analysis knowledge leadership; entrepreneurship; SMEs; factor analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Crăciun, L.; Năstase, M.; Stamule, T.; Vizitiu, C. Leadership in Romanian Small to Medium Enterprises. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4183-4198.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top