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Sustainability 2014, 6(9), 6325-6331; doi:10.3390/su6096325

Eco-Industrial Parks from Strategic Niches to Development Mainstream: The Cases of China

†,* and
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Eco-Industry, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2014 / Revised: 5 September 2014 / Accepted: 9 September 2014 / Published: 12 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment and Energy: the Industrial Ecology perspective)
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Abstract

China has implemented eco-industrial park (EIP) initiatives as a mainstream strategy of a circular economy since the turn of the new century. This paper presents the sustainable transition processes and outcomes of three EIP cases, Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA), Fuzhou Economic and Technological Development Area (FEDA) and the Xi’an High-Tech Zone (XHTZ). The cases uncovered four factors key to the transition of EIPs: technological trajectory dependency, spaces for experimentation, government as an enabler and regional embeddedness. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-industrial parks; strategic niches; sustainable transition; industrial ecology; China eco-industrial parks; strategic niches; sustainable transition; industrial ecology; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Shi, L.; Yu, B. Eco-Industrial Parks from Strategic Niches to Development Mainstream: The Cases of China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6325-6331.

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