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Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 6666-6686; doi:10.3390/su6106666

Sustainable and Resilient Supply Chain Network Design under Disruption Risks

Industrial and Management Engineering Department, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdeahak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan, Kyoenggi-do 426-791, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 22 July 2014 / Revised: 17 September 2014 / Accepted: 19 September 2014 / Published: 29 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Sustainable supply chain network design is a rich area for academic research that is still in its infancy and has potential to affect supply chain performance. Increasing regulations for carbon and waste management are forcing firms to consider their supply chains from ecological and social objectives, but in reality, however, facilities and the links connecting them are disrupted from time to time, due to poor weather, natural or manmade disasters or a combination of any other factors. Supply chain systems drop their sustainability objectives while coping with these unexpected disruptions. Hence, the new challenges for supply chain managers are to design an efficient and effective supply chain network that will be resilient enough to bounce back from any disruption and that also should have sufficient vigilance to offer same sustainability under a disruption state. This paper focuses on ecological sustainability, because an environmental focus in a supply chain system is more important and also links with other pillars of sustainability, as the products need to be produced, packed and transported in an ethical way, which should not harm social balance and the environment. Owing to importance of the considered issue, this paper attempts to introduce a network optimization model for a sustainable and resilient supply chain network by incorporating (1) sustainability via carbon emissions and embodied carbon footprints and (2) resilience by incorporating location-specific risks. The proposed goal programming (GP) model optimizes the total cost, while considering the resilience and sustainability of the supply chain network. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilient supply chain; sustainable supply chain; disruption risks; green supply chain resilient supply chain; sustainable supply chain; disruption risks; green supply chain
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mari, S.I.; Lee, Y.H.; Memon, M.S. Sustainable and Resilient Supply Chain Network Design under Disruption Risks. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6666-6686.

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