An Innovative Configuration for CO2 Capture by High Temperature Fuel Cells
AbstractMany technological solutions have been proposed for CO2 capture in the last few years. Most of them are characterized by high costs in terms of energy consumption and, consequently, higher fossil fuel use and higher economic costs. High temperature fuel cells are technological solutions currently developed for energy production with low environmental impact. In CIRIAF—University of Perugia labs, cylindrical geometry, small-sized molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) prototypes were built and tested with good energy production and lifetime performances. In the present work, an innovative application for MCFCs is proposed, and an innovative configuration for CO2 capture/separation is investigated. The plant scheme is based on a reformer and a cylindrical MCFC. MCFCs are the most suitable solutions, because CO2 is used in their operating cycle. An analysis in terms of energy consumption/kgCO2 captured is made by coupling the proposed configuration with a gas turbine plant. The proposed configuration is characterized by a theoretical energy consumption of about 500 kJ/kgCO2, which is quite lower than actual sequestration technologies. An experimental campaign will be scheduled to verify the theoretical findings. View Full-Text
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Rossi, F.; Nicolini, A.; Palombo, M.; Castellani, B.; Morini, E.; Filipponi, M. An Innovative Configuration for CO2 Capture by High Temperature Fuel Cells. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6687-6695.
Rossi F, Nicolini A, Palombo M, Castellani B, Morini E, Filipponi M. An Innovative Configuration for CO2 Capture by High Temperature Fuel Cells. Sustainability. 2014; 6(10):6687-6695.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rossi, Federico; Nicolini, Andrea; Palombo, Massimo; Castellani, Beatrice; Morini, Elena; Filipponi, Mirko. 2014. "An Innovative Configuration for CO2 Capture by High Temperature Fuel Cells." Sustainability 6, no. 10: 6687-6695.