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Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 6687-6695; doi:10.3390/su6106687

An Innovative Configuration for CO2 Capture by High Temperature Fuel Cells

1
CIRIAF, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Via G. Duranti 67, Perugia 06125, Italy
2
Consorzio IPASS Scarl, Via G.Guerra 23, Perugia 06127, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2014 / Revised: 29 August 2014 / Accepted: 23 September 2014 / Published: 29 September 2014
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Abstract

Many technological solutions have been proposed for CO2 capture in the last few years. Most of them are characterized by high costs in terms of energy consumption and, consequently, higher fossil fuel use and higher economic costs. High temperature fuel cells are technological solutions currently developed for energy production with low environmental impact. In CIRIAF—University of Perugia labs, cylindrical geometry, small-sized molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) prototypes were built and tested with good energy production and lifetime performances. In the present work, an innovative application for MCFCs is proposed, and an innovative configuration for CO2 capture/separation is investigated. The plant scheme is based on a reformer and a cylindrical MCFC. MCFCs are the most suitable solutions, because CO2 is used in their operating cycle. An analysis in terms of energy consumption/kgCO2 captured is made by coupling the proposed configuration with a gas turbine plant. The proposed configuration is characterized by a theoretical energy consumption of about 500 kJ/kgCO2, which is quite lower than actual sequestration technologies. An experimental campaign will be scheduled to verify the theoretical findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 capture; fuel cell; global warming mitigation CO2 capture; fuel cell; global warming mitigation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rossi, F.; Nicolini, A.; Palombo, M.; Castellani, B.; Morini, E.; Filipponi, M. An Innovative Configuration for CO2 Capture by High Temperature Fuel Cells. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6687-6695.

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