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Sustainability 2012, 4(9), 2293-2316; doi:10.3390/su4092293

Modular Lead-Bismuth Fast Reactors in Nuclear Power

State Scientific Center Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (SSC IPPE), 1, Bondarenko Sq., Obninsk, Kaluga Rg. 249033, Russia
JSC “AKME Engineering”, 13, Pyatnitskaya St., Bld. 1, Moscow 115035, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2012 / Revised: 15 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 18 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Nuclear Energy)
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On the basis of the unique experience of operating reactors with heavy liquid metal coolant–eutectic lead-bismuth alloy in nuclear submarines, the concept of modular small fast reactors SVBR-100 for civilian nuclear power has been developed and validated. The features of this innovative technology are as follows: a monoblock (integral) design of the reactor with fast neutron spectrum, which can operate using different types of fuel in various fuel cycles including MOX fuel in a self-providing mode. The reactor is distinct in that it has a high level of self-protection and passive safety, it is factory manufactured and the assembled reactor can be transported by railway. Multipurpose application of the reactor is presumed, primarily, it can be used for regional power to produce electricity, heat and for water desalination. The Project is being realized within the framework of state-private partnership with joint venture OJSC “AKME-Engineering” established on a parity basis by the State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom” and the Limited Liability Company “EuroSibEnergo”.
Keywords: lead bismuth; fast reactor; reactor safety; SVBR-100; potential energy; nuclear fuel cycle; uranium oxide lead bismuth; fast reactor; reactor safety; SVBR-100; potential energy; nuclear fuel cycle; uranium oxide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Toshinsky, G.; Petrochenko, V. Modular Lead-Bismuth Fast Reactors in Nuclear Power. Sustainability 2012, 4, 2293-2316.

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