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Sustainability 2012, 4(10), 2399-2418; doi:10.3390/su4102399
Article

Recent Research of Thorium Molten-Salt Reactor from a Sustainability Viewpoint

Received: 3 July 2012; in revised form: 20 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 27 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Nuclear Energy)
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Abstract: The most important target of the concept “sustainability” is to achieve fairness between generations. Its expanding interpolation leads to achieve fairness within a generation. Thus, it is necessary to discuss the role of nuclear power from the viewpoint of this definition. The history of nuclear power has been the control of the nuclear fission reaction. Once this is obtained, then the economy of the system is required. On the other hand, it is also necessary to consider the internalization of the external diseconomy to avoid damage to human society caused by the economic activity itself, due to its limited capacity. An extreme example is waste. Thus, reducing radioactive waste resulting from nuclear power is essential. Nuclear non-proliferation must be guaranteed. Moreover, the FUKUSHIMA accident revealed that it is still not enough that human beings control nuclear reaction. Further, the most essential issue for sustaining use of one technology is human resources in manufacturing, operation, policy-making and education. Nuclear power will be able to satisfy the requirements of sustainability only when these subjects are addressed. The author will review recent activities of a thorium molten-salt reactor (MSR) as a cornerstone for a sustainable society and describe its objectives and forecasts.
Keywords: thorium; molten-salt reactor; rare earth; externality; small modular reactor thorium; molten-salt reactor; rare earth; externality; small modular reactor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamei, T. Recent Research of Thorium Molten-Salt Reactor from a Sustainability Viewpoint. Sustainability 2012, 4, 2399-2418.

AMA Style

Kamei T. Recent Research of Thorium Molten-Salt Reactor from a Sustainability Viewpoint. Sustainability. 2012; 4(10):2399-2418.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kamei, Takashi. 2012. "Recent Research of Thorium Molten-Salt Reactor from a Sustainability Viewpoint." Sustainability 4, no. 10: 2399-2418.


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