Sustainability 2012, 4(3), 384-393; doi:10.3390/su4030384
Opinion

Dynamics of Change in Human-Driven and Natural Systems: Fast Forward, Slow Motion, Same Movie? A Case Study from Plant Protection

Received: 3 January 2012; in revised form: 23 February 2012 / Accepted: 5 March 2012 / Published: 14 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adaptation or Extinction)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Evolutionary biology and evolutionary ecology deal with change in species and ecosystems over time, and propose mechanisms to explain and predict these. In particular, they look for generic elements that will drive any organism or phylum to adaptive changes or to extinction. This paper, using examples from the field of plant protection against pests and diseases, shows that the patterns of change observed in natural and in human-driven systems are comparable, and proposes that their similarities result from the same mechanisms operating at different paces. Human-driven systems can thus be seen simply as ‘fast-forward’ versions of natural systems, making them tractable tools to test and predict elements from evolutionary theory. Conversely, the convergence between natural and human-driven systems opens opportunities for a more widespread use of evolutionary theory when analyzing and optimizing any human-driven system, or predicting its adaptability to changing conditions.
Keywords: evolution; selection; punctuated equilibria; complexity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andrivon, D. Dynamics of Change in Human-Driven and Natural Systems: Fast Forward, Slow Motion, Same Movie? A Case Study from Plant Protection. Sustainability 2012, 4, 384-393.

AMA Style

Andrivon D. Dynamics of Change in Human-Driven and Natural Systems: Fast Forward, Slow Motion, Same Movie? A Case Study from Plant Protection. Sustainability. 2012; 4(3):384-393.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrivon, Didier. 2012. "Dynamics of Change in Human-Driven and Natural Systems: Fast Forward, Slow Motion, Same Movie? A Case Study from Plant Protection." Sustainability 4, no. 3: 384-393.

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