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Sustainability 2010, 2(6), 1448-1471; doi:10.3390/su2061448

Towards Adaptive Governance of Common-Pool Mountainous Agropastoral Systems

1,2,* , 3
1 Dipartimento di Protezione di Sistemi Urbani Agroalimentari e Valorizzazione delle Biodiversità, Università degli Studi di Milano,Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano, Italy 2 Centre for the Analysis of Sustainable Agricultural Systems (CASAS), Arlington Avenue 37, Kensington, CA 94707, USA 3 Yeha Natural Resource Management Institute for Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 3893, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 4 Dipartimento di Gestione dei Sistemi Agrari e Forestali (GESAF), Università Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, 89122 Feo di Vito, Reggio Calabria, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 March 2010 / Revised: 27 April 2010 / Accepted: 11 May 2010 / Published: 26 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Forum for Sustainable Development)
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The paper deals with analyses and propositions for adaptive governance of an alpine (A) and an Ethiopian (B) agropastoral system with common-pool pastures. Sustainability can be enhanced by augmenting (i) the ecological and social capitals in relation to costs and (ii) the resilience or adaptive capacity. In (A), a multifunctional agriculture appears to maintain the ecological capital providing many ecosystem services. In (B), the ecological capital can be increased by reversing the trend towards land degradation. In (A), there are several opportunities for reducing the high costs of the social capital. In (B), the institutions should be revised and rules should restrain competitive behavior. (A) and (B) exhibit a high degree of transformability. Many drivers appear to be responsible for the cycling of the agropastoral and higher level systems vulnerable to multiple stressors. Measures are proposed to escape from possible rigidity (A) and poverty (B) traps.
Keywords: sustainability; adaptive governance; ecosystem services; ecological and social capital; bioeconomic models; panarchy sustainability; adaptive governance; ecosystem services; ecological and social capital; bioeconomic models; panarchy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Baumgärtner, J.; Tikubet, G.; Gilioli, G. Towards Adaptive Governance of Common-Pool Mountainous Agropastoral Systems. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1448-1471.

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